Lannea coromandelica, (Houtt) Merr.
(Syn. L. grandis, Odina wodier.)
Family : Anacardiaceae
Common Name : Wodier
Telugu Name : Gumpini, Gumpena

General :

Extremely common in all forests and always found associated with Boswellia serrata in the dry deciduous forests. REcommended for afforesting deep alluvial soils with good drainage. Identified by red blaze, imparipinnate leaves turning yellow before falling. It is strong light demander, fire resistant and good coppicer.

Flowering :

Flowers in numerous spikes in February - April.

Fruiting :
Berries appear only on female branches of the trees in May - July and persist for long time.
Morphology of the Fruit / Seed :
Drupe, 1.3 to 1.5 cms long, curved on the ventral face, oblong, smooth, dull red or pink with a thin fleshy red epicarp and a large stone seated on an enlarged calyx. Stone irregularly pitted.
Seed Collection and Storage :
Collection in May - June, dispersal is mainly by birds, looses viability early.
Seed Biology :
No. of seeds per Kg. Germination percentage Plant percent No. of seedlings per Kg. of seed Period for germination in days
6000 to 10,000 45 to 65 15 1300 to 1350 10 to 25
Pretreatment :
Overnight soaking in cold water.
Nursery Technique :

The plantations can be raised by direct sowing of seed, polypot seedlings and stump plantings. Fresh seeds are sown in bags in June, covered by a layer of hay. Shade is necessary. Germination is seen after 10 to 12 days. One year old seedlings is planted. Stump planting (stumps of 25 cms long) can also be done.